The Aeneid, Glossed printed leaf with woodcut, 1515


  Virgil’s Aeneid: 

 Nautes advises Aeneas.  Anchise’s Ghost.


Recto:  Printed on laid paper in two sizes of a humanist font in Latin.  Virgil’s original text is in the larger font and is surrounded by the gloss (commentary). The woodcut illustration depicts Aeneas in discussion with Nautes and Acestes as preparations are made for the departure from Chania.


Verso:  As Recto with main text and gloss.


Source:  The first Giunta edition of Virgil’s works, containing the re-used woodcuts prepared for the Johan Grüninger Strasbourg edition of Virgil, (1502).  This edition is rightly acclaimed for its magnificent series of woodcut illustrations by the anonymous Late Master of the Grüninger Workshop.

Giunta subsequently published editions of The Aeneid in 1519 and 1522.

Grüninger's Virgil "is crowded with wonderful pictures, in which on the very eve of the Renaissance, Virgil is thoroughly medievalised." The woodcuts give wonderful examples of Aeneas, the refugee from Troy, set in late medieval landscapes depicting the culture, dress and warfare of the times.


Date: 1515, Lyon.


Content:  Virgil’s original text on Recto reads:


et quidquid tecum invalidum metuensque pericli est

delige, et his habeant terris sine moenia fessi;

urbem appellabunt permisso nomine Acestam.


Talibus incensus dictis senioris amici

tum vero in curas animo diducitur omnis;               

et Nox atra polum bigis subvecta tenebat.

visa dehinc caelo facies delapsa parentis

Anchisae subito talis effundere voces:

'nate, mihi vita quondam, dum vita manebat,

care magis, nate Iliacis exercite fatis,               

imperio Iovis huc venio, qui classibus ignem

depulit, et caelo tandem miseratus ab alto est.

consiliis pare quae nunc pulcherrima Nautes

dat senior; lectos iuvenes, fortissima corda,

defer in Italiam. gens dura atque aspera cultu               

debellanda tibi Latio est. Ditis tamen ante

infernas accede domos et Averna per alta

Choose out the old men full of years and sea-worn matrons, and all of your company who are weak and fearful of peril, and let the wearied find their city in this land. This city, if you permit the name, they shall call Acesta.”

Then, indeed, kindled by these words of his aged friend, he is torn asunder in soul amid his cares. And now, borne upwards in her chariot, black Night held the sky, when there seemed to glide down from heaven the likeness of his father Anchises and suddenly to utter thus his words: “Son, dearer to me than life, in days when life was mine; son, tested by Ilium’s fate! I come hither by Jove’s command, who drove the fire from your fleet, and at last has had pity from high heaven. Obey the fair advice that aged Nautes now gives; chosen youths, the bravest hearts, lead to Italy. A people hard and rugged in nurture must you subdue in Latium. Yet first approach the nether halls of Dis, and through the depths of Avernus seek, my son, a meeting with me’.


Condition:  This leaf is in very good antiquarian condition with sharply printed text and woodcut.  There is a slight loss of paper in the top right corner and light staining to the outer edge, but within the window of the mat the image is near perfect. The leaf is unconditionally guaranteed genuine. 


Size:  Size of leaf: approx. 325x210 mm. Presented in a museum quality mat, ready for framing.  Please note that packing and postage is invoiced separately.  Within Australia: $22.50.  Overseas: ask for quote.


Notes:  The Aeneid is an epic poem by Virgil, the pre-eminent poet of the Roman Empire. It was his final work and the twelve books of the poem occupied him for about ten years from 29 BCE until his death in 19 BCE. It tells the legendary story of the Trojan hero Aeneas who, after years of wandering following the fall of Troy, travelled to Italy to battle the Latins.  He eventually became the ancestor of the Roman nation. It is Virgil’s best-known work and was considered the masterpiece of Roman literature by the Romans of his day. The fluidity of its rigorously structured poetry and its vivid portrayals of human emotion have earned it a legacy as one of the greatest poems in the Latin language.


 Item No:  PSE084

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