Woodcut, Book of Hours, c. 1550


 The world, the flesh and the devil mount different attacks.


Verso:  Text in French - a quatrain - printed in red and black in a Gothic font on laid paper.  A woodcut of a newly born infant (L’enfant jeune au monde venant - the young infant coming into the world) with his mother and midwife.  The banderole across the top of the woodcut reads: Mundus caro demonias diversa movent prelia.  (The world, the flesh and the devil mount different attacks.) 
The newborn’s starkly contrasting options in life are beside the bed; the way of the devil & sin, the way of the world - represented by a statesman holding an orb - and the way of righteousness, represented by the Virgin Mary holding a Madonna lily.


Recto:  Text in Latin printed in two sizes of a gothic font in red and black.


Printer:   Yolande Bonhomme, Paris.


Date:  c. 1550.


Content:  The text on Recto is a passage from the Book of Job, Chapter 19:20.  Pelli meae, consumptis carnibus, adhaesit os meum, et evanuit cutis mea circa dentes meos. Miseremini mei, miseremini mei, saltem vos amici mei, quia manus Domini tetigit me. 

(My flesh being consumed, my bone hath cleaved to my skin, and nothing but lips are left about my teeth. Have pity on me, have pity on me, at least you my friends, because the hand of the Lord hath touched me.)


Condition:  The leaf is in very good condition, sharply printed and with just some slight toning to the paper. It is unconditionally guaranteed genuine.


Size:  Size of leaf: approx. 160x105 mm.  Printed area: approx.  135x75 mm.  Presented in a museum quality mat, ready for framing.  Please note that packing and postage is invoiced separately.  Within Australia: $22.50.  Overseas: ask for quote.


References:  Goff B-1087, GW 5055.


Notes:  Yolande Bonhomme (ca. 1490–1557) was the daughter of Pasquier Bonhomme, a printer and one of four appointed booksellers of the University of Paris. She married Thielmann Kerver, a highly successful printer, and when he died in 1522 she assumed control of his printing shop at the “sign of the unicorn” on the Rue St. Jacques in Paris. Following her husband, Yolande specialized in illustrated Books of Hours and in 1526 she became the first woman to print an edition of the Bible. At the time of her death in 1557, the press was one of the most successful and respected in Paris, having produced more than 200 editions.

Banderoles (speech scrolls) in medieval religious works contain quotations relevant to the scene or the religious figure depicted – Old Testament prophets for example, were often shown with an appropriate quotation from their work. Because the words are religious in nature, the speech scroll is generally written in Latin even when appearing in woodcut illustrations for books written in the vernacular.  This practice also allowed the illustration to be used in editions in other languages.

Item No:  PSA104



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