Liturgical chant in "Hufnagel" neumes. 1667.

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”There was a man sent from God, whose name was John”

Recto: Ten lines of music & text printed on watermarked laid rag paper.  The Gregorian chant notation is printed in “Hufnagel” neumes on 5 line staves with a key signature. The accompanying text is printed in black and red in Latin in a roman font.  Three large initials “N”, “F” and “P” in red.  Two manicules (pointing hands) in red. Paginated 147.  A “catchword” in the bottom margin.

Verso:  As Recto with a large printed initial red ‘P’  and further manicules.

Origin:  Mainz, Germany.   Printer: Christophorus Küchlerus

Date: 1667

Content:  The text and translation beginning at the initial “F” in the third line reads:

Fuit homo missus a Deo, cui nomen erat Joannes:

Hic venit in testimonium, ut testimonium perhiberet de lumine,

et pararet Domino plebem perfectam.

There was a man sent from God, whose name was John:

This man came as a witness, to give testimony about the light,

and to prepare for the Lord a perfect people.

The words of this chant for the Nativity of John the Baptist have been set to music by many composers, including Palestrina, Gabrielli, Bassano and Praetorius.

Condition:  The leaf is in very good/excellent condition, sharply printed on quality paper with a clear watermark .  It is unconditionally guaranteed genuine.

Size: Size of leaf: approx. 530x390 mm. Text and music area : approx.  470x320 mm.  Please note that postage is invoiced separately.   

Notes:  A "neume" is the basic element of Western and Eastern systems of musical notation prior to the invention of five-line staff notation.The earliest neumes were inflective marks (chironomic neumes) which indicated the general shape but not necessarily the exact notes or rhythms to be sung. Later developments included the use of heightened neumes which showed the relative pitches between neumes, and the creation of a four-line musical staff that identified particular pitches.

By the 11th century, chironomic neumes had evolved into square notation and by the 13th century, the adoption of square neumes had taken hold everywhere in Europe except Germany. There, scribes developed a special type of notation called Gothic neumes or, more commonly, "Hufnagel" neumes, the name deriving from the German word for horseshoe nails, which the notes resemble. Hufnagel neumes continued to be used until the late 17th century.

Item No:  PSA124

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