Hufnagel neumes notation. c. 1550

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                 Manuscript Liturgical chant leaf, c. 1550


         “Come over to me, all ye that desire me, and be filled with my fruits.”


Recto: Eight lines of music written on laid rag paper in “Hufnagel” neumes on red-ruled four-line staves with a key signature. The accompanying text is written in Latin in a gothic rotunda bookhand.  One large illuminated initial “O” in red and another one-line initial in red. A “catchword” in the bottom margin.


Verso:  As Recto


Origin:  Southern Germany


Date:  c. 1550


Content:  The Latin text, beginning with the red ‘F’ reads: Fecisti enim nos Deo nostro regnum et sacerdotes. (You have made us into a kingdom and into priests for our God).  Then follows a chant taken from Ecclesiastes Ch.24: V23 & 26 which is continued on Verso: Ego sicut vitis fructificavi suavitatem odoris, et flores mei fructus honoris et honestatis; transite ad me omnes, qui concupiscitis me et a generationibus meis adimplemini,  alleluia, alleluia.  (As the vine I have brought forth a pleasant odour: and my flowers are the fruit of honour and riches. Come over to me, all ye that desire me, and be filled with my fruits. Alleluia, alleluia).


Condition:  The leaf is in very good condition.  It is unconditionally guaranteed genuine.


Size:  Size of leaf: approx. 385x255 mm. Text and music area : approx.  330x220 mm.  Presented in a museum quality mat, ready for framing.  Please note that packing and postage is invoiced separately.  Within Australia: $27.50.  Overseas: ask for quote.


Notes:  A "neume" is the basic element of Western and Eastern systems of musical notation prior to the invention of five-line staff notation.

The earliest neumes were inflective marks (chironomic neumes) which indicated the general shape but not necessarily the exact notes or rhythms to be sung. Later developments included the use of heightened neumes which showed the relative pitches between neumes, and the creation of a four-line musical staff that identified particular pitches.  By the 11th century, chironomic neumes had evolved into square notation and by the 13th century, the adoption of square neumes had taken hold everywhere in Europe except Germany. There, scribes developed a special type of notation called Gothic neumes or, more commonly, "Hufnagel" neumes, the name deriving from the German word for horsehoe nails, which the notes resemble. Hufnagel neumes continued to be used until the late 16th century.


Item No:  MMU048

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