Paulís Epistle to the Galatians. Bible leaf, c. 1225


Recto:   Ruled in red with text written on fine vellum in Latin in an extraordinarily precise gothic minuscule script in two columns of 43 lines. The text is written in remarkably tiny and well formed letters, so small that there are four lines of text to the centimetre, or eleven lines to the inch.  The heading “GAL” in Lombard style red & blue illuminated initials is an abbreviation of the heading “GALATIANS”.  Lombard style illuminated initials in red and blue also indicate the beginning of chapters and the chapter numbers.  A couple of scholars’ notations in the margins.  See images below


Verso:   As Recto.


Origin:  Paris, France


Date:   Early part of the 13th century, c.1225


Content:  The leaf contains sections of Chapters 2 and 4  and all of Chapter 3 of The Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians. The illuminated initial “O” begins Chapter 3: O insensati Galatae quis vos fascinavit non obedire veritati ante quorum oculos Iesus Christus praescriptus est in vobis crucifix.   (O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you that ye should not obey the truth before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?)  


Condition:  This leaf is in excellent condition, particularly considering its age of almost 800 years.  There is the expected slight browning at the outer margins, but the text and illuminations are near perfect.  The leaf is unconditionally guaranteed genuine.


Notes:  The production of small format (“pocket”) bibles flourished in Paris in the 13th century. Written on extremely thin parchment in an extraordinarily tiny script, these codices were highly portable.  The parent book of this leaf was a high quality Bible of the Crusades period, used in the study of theology or preaching around the medieval countryside.


Size:  Size of leaf: approx. 160x110 mm. Text and illuminated area : approx.  120x70 mm.  Mat size: approx. 310x255 mm.  Presented in a museum quality mat, ready to frame.  Insured post within Australia: $22.50.  Overseas: ask for quote.


Item No:  MBI 017

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